Hyper Text Markup Language stands for HTML
, an authoring solution used for describing web pages and documents. HTML is referred to as a markup language, which means it uses a set of markup tags within text files to express graphic, coloring, font and link attributes of a web page. Individual HTML tags describe different aspects of a document's content.
The purpose of a web browser, such as Internet Explorer, Chrome, Safari or Firefox is to interpret the HTML tags within a document and display a web page accordingly. The browser does not display the tagging specifically; it merely translates HTML markup to visually or audibly render a web page.
Typically, freelance web developers use HTML tags to describe individual HTML elements which occur in pairs, with an initial start tag, and a second closing or end tag, although occasional elements occur individually such as <img> (image) tags. Tags present specific information about an element by surrounding an item (for example <title>… </title> classifies a title for the document), whereas alternative tags may display content on a page precisely.
When Tim Berners-Lee was credited with the invention of the web in 1989, HTML was the publishing language of choice. Since then there have been multiple versions, the most recent of which is HTML5. HTML5 is the fifth version of HTML standard and was released in October 2014. One of the major evolutions in HTML5 is improved support for multimedia and modern web applications while absorbing earlier versions of HTML.
Even with an increasing use of drag and drop web editors available to create dynamic websites, selecting a freelance web developer with strong knowledge of HTML code is non-negotiable.